Tenth grade is the perfect time to maintain a high GPA and
become involved in clubs and community activities to strengthen college applications.
All sophomores should be taking classes in the following areas:
English, math, science, social science, and foreign language. Most students will
take Algebra 2 or Geometry for math, Biology or Chemistry for science, and World or
United States History as their social science. The increased academic rigor in subject
matter for all students makes the need for developing effective study habits and time
management skills essential.
Sophomore year also provides a continued opportunity for students to
participate in extracurricular activities.
An important aspect of college and career success is for students to identify and
align their talents and their interests, and exposure to different extracurriculars
is an essential part of this process. It is not too late for 10th graders that did
not participate in extracurricular activities the year prior to explore opportunities
both inside and outside of school to become involved. Not only will this help to
identify passions and interests, but it will also improve a student’s resume when the
time comes to apply to college. For students that did discover extracurricular interests
as freshmen, this is the time to begin to take the types of leadership roles that will
allow them to serve in management capacities later in high school. These responsibilities
will not just help their resume stand out from the crowd, but it will build the types of
social and leadership skills that portend future success.
Time management will continue to be crucial.
academics, out of school work, clubs, sports, and recreation, there is a lot more going
on starting in 9th grade. Students have to be smart about their choices or they’ll end
up overwhelmed and exhausted. During this time, students will have the opportunity to
start/continue to explore their interests and passions, which will ultimately inform
decisions about college and career.
Opportunities for Growth
Sophomores that have demonstrated content mastery to this point in time must continue
to solidify their academic performance while considering the wider array of skills that
will be necessary for later high school and collegiate success.
As sophomores receiving top marks are quickly trending towards the most-rigorous
possible courses later in high school, such as Advanced Placement classes, it is important
now to develop the types of study habits and time management skills that will allow for a
smoother transition to the increased workload. It is essential to increase the
quality of one’s study time before the quantity of work increases.
It is also important for these students to enrich their college applications beyond
academics. Involvement in extracurricular activities such as sports, music, student
government, and/or volunteering will allow high-achieving academic students to stand
out from the many other high-performing students that apply to the most competitive
Sophomores who have demonstrated the content knowledge to receive B grades, but not A’s,
must work to identify and develop areas of skill weakness that are separating them from
the extra points needed to receive top marks.
This is particularly essential at this point in a student’s academic career as, in most
cases, students who receive A’s during 10th grade will position themselves to either
take Advanced Placement classes as juniors, or to take the classes that will funnel
them into Advanced Placement as seniors. Receiving the highest possible grades
in the most competitive courses is the best argument students can make for why a college
should accept them.
A significant part of this push to the top of the grade scale will be developing a
growth mindset – the student’s belief in his or her own ability to overcome whatever
challenges are holding him or her back from becoming an “A student.”
C or Below Students
Sophomores who are receiving predominantly C grades or below still have time to
build the skill mastery and content knowledge to improve their academic performance
and to significantly improve their Grade Point Average by the time they apply to
college. In fact, many colleges will consider an upward trend in a student’s
grades during high school when evaluating transcripts.
Not only will this skill building allow for higher grades and the potential to take
more rigorous classes later in high school, but it will also prepare students for the
standardized assessments that they will soon take. The most difficult content on the
ACT® and SATv generally aligns with 10th grade math, writing, and reading skills, so
developing this knowledge now will have benefits on the exams. Furthermore, if a student
has been struggling academically, these assessments are weighed heavily enough in the
college application process to atone for some academic shortcomings.
It is also necessary that students at this grade level develop a mindset that allows
them to believe they can achieve academically. Many students begin to identify their
status as a “C student” as a permanent condition, and not one that can be changed with
the appropriate individualized support.